Swimming pools, man-made watering pits for bathing and swimming, date back to at least 2,600 BC. Perhaps the first elaborate structure was the great baths of Mohenjo-Daro, the oldest and most spacious bathing space in Pakistan, made of brick and clad with terraced surfaces that cannot be seen off-site in modern pool views. However, Mohenjo-Daro was not used to regular swimming.
Man-made swimming pools appeared throughout the ancient world. Swimming was part of boys’ education at an early age in Rome and Greece, and the Romans built the first swimming pools. Gaius Maecenas was a wealthy Roman noble who was considered one of the early patrons of art – he supported the famous poets Horace, Virgil, and Propertius and gave them the opportunity to live and write without fear of poverty.
The 5,000-year-old pool was the Old World Mohenjo-Daro Public Water Reservoir. Known as the Great Baths, the Mohenjo-Daro has intricate steps. The Great Mohenjo-Daro Baths, built around 2600 BC, is one of the oldest known swimming pools. The pool was built of brick and gypsum and was surrounded by steps and benches with large surfaces. Experts believe it may have been used for religious purposes. It had the same waterproofing membranes as modern swimming pools. The Romans and Greeks have used luxurious baths since the 6th century. Ponds were also used in preparation for battle.
In Greek, the first public baths are known as the palace, dating back to 600-800 BC. The philosopher known as Plato argued that children should be taught how to swim because it is just as important. However, despite the modernity of the Greeks, it was the Romans who took bath modernism to a new level. In the 1st-century hot swimming pools were standardized in all major cities during the Roman Empire. The multiple swimming pools have spacious designs that are maintained at different temperatures. The inventors of the silver plate were the first to attempt to design a Swimming pool in the Roman Empire that culminated in the construction of a 900,000-square-foot vessel in 305 AD.
Swimming pools made a huge difference from simple Roman baths to versatile backyard pools. Swimming pools were the greatest invention, and major evolutionary stages have transformed simple Roman baths into beautiful waters today.
Swimming pools after World War II
After the fall of the Roman Empire, the construction of the pool was halted. However, after the end of World War II, there was a renaissance that led to the spread of ornamental ponds. Organized swimming and bathing began in Great Britain in the nineteenth century, during which time swimming competitions began
Swimming became a status symbol after the end of World War II. Swimming pools were considered the ultimate luxury, and there were collective builders who created swimming pools as a contemporary icon. Architects who designed the pool to meet the growing demand for swimming pools are Anthony Pools, Sylvan Pools, and Paddock. Guns and concrete were the main materials used in building pools. In 1910, Gunite was discovered by Carl E. Ackley in Allentown, Penn. Gunite allowed the construction of inexpensive and fast swimming pools, which were popularized and used for multiple purposes. Gunite was used to repair roads, bridges, and reservoirs, and was used by the military during repairs.
By the end of the war, gunite had become more popular because it was cheaper and easier to use, which strengthened the swimming industry. Middle-class workers could now own homes, which gave impetus to more innovation.
In 1948 Thomas Church, one of the most prominent architects designed the Donnell Basin, one of the most influential swimming pools in the Sonoma Calif. The pool had a multi-diameter design that resulted in modern, kidney-shaped swimming pools.
The swimming pool industry has grown and brought in the women’s two-piece swimwear. The bikini arose out of the need to protect fabrics during the war. In 1947, Dow Boy Entertainment started selling ground floor sets on top of one another. Since then, the first fiberglass one-piece bowl has been manufactured. This led to a proliferation of ponds built with alternative materials.
To date, modern swimming pools continue to evolve in construction, design, and features. Now, you can fully control and monitor your swimming pool right from your smartphone! Swimming pool designers – 5 Star Pools stores carry a variety of pool tools and technology to help usher your pool into the modern era. Call 5 Star Pools to speak to one of our experts on how to improve your backyard pool!